The dwarf juniper is the most popular evergreen in the united states. When we think of a traditional bonsai and what it should look like, we think of a juniper procumbens nana. it is very hardy, long lived, and tolerates many adverse conditions. Juniperous procumbens is a low growing juniper native to southern Japan. The longer prostrate branches tend to intertwine. The leaves are arranged in decuet morals of three; all the leaves are juvenile form and needle-like with two white stomatel bands on the interface. It is dioecious, producing cones of only one sex on each plant. it’s graceful canopy and impressive bark are another reason everyone should have at least one juniper in their bonsai collection.
How to take proper care of your bonsai tree
Bonsai is the reproduction of natural tree forms in miniature. this art form has its origin in Japan and China where it has been practiced for centuries. Bonsai are grown in pots and are totally dependent on you for their care. With proper care, your bonsai will remain healthy, beautiful and miniature for many years to come since your bonsai is a living miniature tree, it will increase in beauty as it matures through the years. the instructions below are just basics and, therefore, we recommend that you purchase one of the many fine books available on the subject.
A juniper bonsai is a living miniature tree and not a house plant! Therefore your bonsai must be maintained in a cold, cool environment during the winter season. As a guide around Thanksgiving day it is time to prepare your bonsai for its winter dormancy. Which should last approximately 3 months. This can be accomplished in several ways. one method is to bury your tree in the ground preferably without the pot, up to the rim of the container and then mulch up to the first branch. it is best to choose a location that is protected from wind and sun, but not rain or snow. A second method which is also common is to place your trees in an unheated garage or shed during this time your trees does not require light because it is a dormant state; however, it will require watering approximately every two weeks. Throughout the spring, summer and fall your bonsai should be placed outside, such as on a patio, balcony, terrace or in a garden. Once outside, your bonsai should be positioned where it will receive sufficient sun – morning sun and afternoon shade is best. a bonsai can be viewed best when it is placed approximately three to four feet high level, such as on a table wall or bench. a bonsai can and should be brought into the house on special occasions and displayed in a prominent place. your bonsai should not remain inside for more than a few days at a time, as the atmosphere is detrimental to the health of your tree.
The watering of your bonsai must never be neglected period apply water when the soil appears dry. Never allow the soil to become completely dry If your bonsai is receiving full sun it may be necessary to water once a day. This schedule May vary with the size pot, type of soil and type of bonsai tree you own. evaluate each tree’s water requirements and adjust your watering schedule to accommodate it. It is a good idea to use moisture meter until you know the requirements of your bonsai tree. watering should be done with a watering can or hose attachment which should dispense the water in a soft enough manner as to not disturb the soil. Water should be applied until it begins running out of the holes in the bottom of your pot. A good rain is usually sufficient watering.
during the cold months, when your bonsai is inside, we recommend placing it in a shallow tray filled with a layer of gravel with water added. this provides extra moisture around the tree as the water evaporates and it reduces the amount of moisture lost to modern heating systems.
Fertilizing is also necessary if your bonsai is to remain healthy and beautiful. since your bonsai is growing in such a small amount of soil it is necessary to replenish the soil supply of nutrients periodically. any general purpose liquid fertilizer will do fine and is available in most garden centers. We suggest that the fertilizers be used at half the recommended strength. Fertilizer should be added at least once a month except during winter. Your bonsai will also respond well to foliar feeding, with a water soluble fertilizer applied every other month as a spray.
This brief explanation of basic care does not cover training. training deals with the art of bonsai and should be thoroughly understood before undertaking dash dash or left to a professional. however, most of the true bonsai trees you find have already been through their training., That’s requiring only periodic trimming and pinching to remain miniature.
Trimming and pinching
Trimming and pinching keep your tree miniature. pinch and trim back the new growth to the farthest safe point. Never should all of the new growth be removed. A little should be left to sustain the health of the tree. Tropical and subtropical trees used for bonsai will require periodic pinching and trimming throughout the year. since different trees grow at different rates, it is necessary to evaluate each tree’s rate of growth and address your trimming and pinching to accommodate it
Repotting must be performed periodically on all bonsai when their root systems has filled the pot. the reasons for repotting are just apply your tree with fresh soil, and to encourage a more compact root system as a rule most deciduous trees require repotting every two to three years while evergreens only need to be reported every four or five years since trees grow at different rates, this schedule will not always hold true, therefore, you should examine your trees root system each year to determine if it has become pot bound.
In most cases, the potting process is easy and safe if performed properly and at the right time of the year. Reporting into a different often larger pot can be done anytime however the roots should not be trimmed until the tree is in dormancy in mid winter. The tree, along with all of its soil, should be removed from the pot. The outer and bottom most fourth of the trees root mass should be removed. This is done by raking the soil away, then pruning back the roots. in most cases, it is not good to prune back more than one-fourth of the trees root mass. after this, the tree can be placed back in its original pot or into another. The pot should have screen placed over the drainage holes. Then a thin layer of small gravel is placed in the bottom of the pot for draining purposes. On top of this gravel is placed a new fresh soil. place a layer of well-draining soil which is sufficient enough to elevate the tree to its previous height in the pot. After placing the tree back in the pot, the area left vacant by the pruned root mass should be filled in with fresh soil. This soil should be worked in around and under the root mass in such a manner as to avoid leaving any air pockets after reporting, your bonsai should be thoroughly watered. This can be achieved by submerging the entire pot in a tub of water. moss or other ground covers can be used to cover the surface of the pot to help prevent soil erosion when watering.
Insects and diseases
since your bonsai is a tree in miniature, it can be treated for insects and diseases in the same way as any other tree. If you discover any insects or diseases, visit our website where you will be able to obtain the necessary products to eliminate the problem.